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1) Which city was an important stop for many of the apostle Paul’s missionary journeys?

1) Which city was an important stop for many of the apostle Paul’s missionary journeys?

  1. Carthage
  2. Alexandria
  3. Antioch
  4. Milan

2) Apologetics was important in the early patristic period primarily because

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  1. the church was mainly focused on evangelism in this era
  2. persecution forced the church to defend its beliefs to a hostile public
  3. conversions by pagans required the church to develop a simple set of doctrines
  4. the eastern and western churches needed to clarify their respective theologies

3) One of the firmest opponents of mixing theology with secular philosophy was

  1. Tertullian
  2. Cyprian
  3. Irenaeus of Lyons
  4. Origen

4) Justin Martyr’s key contribution was in the area of

  1. christology
  2. the doctrine of the Trinity
  3. apologetics
  4. biblical exegesis

5) Select the church father whose major work was an important landmark in Christian understandings of the nature of the church:

  1. Cyprian
  2. Origen
  3. Tertullian
  4. Athanasius

6) One of Augustine’s most important contributions to Christian theology was

  1. in the area of Christology
  2. his defense of the virgin birth of Jesus Christ
  3. his teaching on church leadership
  4. his development of systematic theology as an academic discipline

7) The Didache is

  1. a lost gospel that didn’t make it into the canon
  2. one of Augustine’s most important writings
  3. a 5th-century teaching about the Trinity
  4. an early 2nd-century Christian manual on ethics and church practices

8) Gnosticism was viewed as a challenge to early Christian faith because

  1. its doctrines were very different from Christian teachings and were leading people astray
  2. its ideas were in many ways similar to Christian teachings
  3. it was primarily adopted in the East but not in the West
  4. it had its own set of scriptures that it declared to be authentic Christian writings

9) The NT canon was closed in the western church

  1. by the beginning of the 5th century
  2. in A.D. 367
  3. at the end of the 2nd century
  4. near the beginning of the 10th century

10) Eastern versions of the Apostles’ creed do not contain the following phrase:

  1. born of the Virgin Mary
  2. the holy Catholic church
  3. the communion of saints
  4. the resurrection of the flesh

11) Arius argued that

  1. Christ was not human at all, but was fully divine
  2. Christ was divine but was not equal to God
  3. Christ only appeared to die on the cross
  4. Christ was a created and not a divine being

12) The belief that “the validity of the church’s ministry and preaching did not depend upon the holiness of its ministers, but upon the person of Jesus Christ” was adopted by the church

  1. after the Pelagian controversy
  2. after the Donatist controversy
  3. by the Cappadocian fathers
  4. in the Nicene Creed

13) In contrast to Pelagius, Augustine believed that salvation is

  1. a justly earned reward
  2. a cooperative effort between humanity and God
  3. achievable only by a fully divine Christ
  4. an unmerited gift

14) The Council of Nicea was convened by

  1. the Emperor Constantine
  2. the bishop of Nicea
  3. Augustine
  4. Gregory of Nyssa

15) The Council of Nicea’s main purpose was to

  1. address broken relations between churches in the East and West
  2. decide the New Testament canon
  3. settle Christological debates
  4. determine the doctrine of the Trinity

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