Pathophysiological Phenomena Assignment

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Pathophysiological Phenomena Assignment

Question 28

A 14-year-old boy has been diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. Which of the following pathophysiological phenomena is most responsible for his symptoms?


A. Viruses are killing some of his B cells and becoming incorporated into the genome of others.

B. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is lysing many of the boy’s neutrophils.

C. The virus responsible for mononucleosis inhibits the maturation of myeloblasts into promyelocytes.

D. The EBV inhibits the maturation of white cells within his peripheral lymph nodes.

Question 29

A 16-year-old female has been brought to her primary care physician by her mother due to the girl’s persistent sore throat and malaise. Which of the following facts revealed in the girl’s history and examination would lead the physician to rule out infectious mononucleosis?


A. Chest auscultation reveals crackles in her lower lung fields bilaterally.

B. Her liver and spleen are both enlarged.

C. Blood work reveals an increased white blood cell count.

D. The girl has a temperature of 38.1°C (100.6°F) and has enlarged lymph nodes.

Question 30

A 30-year-old woman who has given birth 12 hours prior is displaying signs and symptoms of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The client’s husband is confused as to why a disease of coagulation can result in bleeding. Which of the nurse’s following statements best characterizes DIC?


A. “The same hormones and bacteria that cause clotting also cause bleeding.”

B. “Massive clotting causes irritation, friction, and bleeding in the small blood vessels.”

C. “So much clotting takes place that there are no available clotting components left, and bleeding ensues.”

D. “Excessive activation of clotting causes an overload of vital organs, resulting in bleeding.”

Question 31

A 20-year-old has been diagnosed with an astrocytic brain tumor located in the brain stem. Which of the following statements by the oncologist treating the client is most accurate?


A. “Our treatment plan will depend on whether your tumor is malignant or benign.”

B. “This is likely a result of a combination of heredity and lifestyle.”

C. “The major risk that you face is metastases to your lungs, liver, or bones.”

D. “Your prognosis will depend on whether we can surgically resect your tumor.”

Question 32

A patient diagnosed with low-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has recently developed thrombocytopenia. One of the medications utilized to treat this would be Answers:

A. cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic.

B. vincristine, a Vinca alkaloid.

C. dexamethasone, a corticosteroid.

D. doxorubicin, a cytotoxic antibiotic.

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