Schwalbe discusses mainly our social interactions and informs us that we may become better human beings by treating others with kindness, love, and care. This not only makes us human but also makes us participate in making other people humans. Therefore the distinction between human beings and others becomes very clear. This is in line with sociological interpretations that if a person does well and they fit into the society well then they are human. However, if a person is completely indifferent to the societal norms then they can be considered inhuman since it is part of the human being to be human. Therefore the simple definition of a human is the one who is socially good and can make everything happen according to societal norms and standards (Hunt, 340)
Achievement ideology is the belief that a person can arrive at the social constructions of success through hard work and education. However, Schwalbe considers this as not entirely true. This he states is because human beings are composed of more than education and hard work. Therefore he views human beings from the view of totality and appreciation rather than the view of segregation and isolation. Therefore human beings do not have to get an education neither do they need to work very hard to arrive at the societal qualifications for a good person. Rather what matters most is the type of person and the behaviours as well as traits which they possess rather than their ability to produce. Therefore he states that this issue of humanity is more important than education (McGlinn, 03).
Horatio Alger” story is a narrative of how he has used his writing skills to create works of art that are very good and very important. Algar states that he had to change the book he had decided to publish due to the current one being read more which was like a motivation to do more and to change how he wrote. It is in the same accord that he writes all his other works of art in almost a similar manner and adopts his new style of writing from his first works. His story talks of a naïve boy and a good-hearted one. It is a way to display to the world how to be human by treating every other person with love and care every time. The story of Algar and others seem to be contradicting in that the success of Algar is not determined by money alone but by education but it is intrinsic. Works cited
Hunt, Matthew O. “Ideologies.” Handbook of the social psychology of inequality. Springer, Dordrecht, 2014. 325-351.McGlinn, Jeanne. “Rags to Riches: The Horatio Alger Theme in Adolescent Novels about the Immigrant Experience.” The ALAN Review, vol. 31, no. 3, 2004, scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/ALAN/v31n3/mcglinn.html. Accessed 4 Mar. 2021.