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Question 1 (2.5 points) Children with significant intellectual disabilities have: Question 1 options: short-term memory deficits and language…

Question 1 (2.5 points)

Children with significant intellectual disabilities have:

Question 1 options:

short-term memory deficits and language problems.

difficulty focusing and sitting still.

difficulty solving problems and using symbolic play.

significant motor problems and are talkative.

SaveQuestion 2 (2.5 points)

When a student reads the words “baseball” as “base-ball,” the student is developing which literacy skill?

Question 2 options:

Syllable identification

Phonemic awareness

Object permanence

Phonological awareness

SaveQuestion 3 (2.5 points)

To better help students develop problem-solving skills, a teacher may make up a problem for students to solve. What is this strategy called?

Question 3 options:

Deferred imitation

Autosymbolic play

Problem solving


SaveQuestion 4 (2.5 points)

_________, or ordering according to relative differences, is thought to be an early step toward understanding number concepts.

Question 4 options:



Object permanence


SaveQuestion 5 (2.5 points)

Caregivers from other cultures may not be verbally responsive; instead, they may use which strategy to respond to children?

Question 5 options:

Physically responsive

Facial expressions

Physically responsive and facial expressions

Eye contact

SaveQuestion 6 (2.5 points)

Piaget identified the sensorimotor period of development as:

Question 6 options:

between birth and age 5.

between ages 2 and 6.

between birth and age 2.

after age 3.

SaveQuestion 7 (2.5 points)

When young children learn to discriminate in shape, size, distance, and color, they are getting ready for:

Question 7 options:

object permanence.

symbolic representation.

short-term memory storage.

phonemic awareness.

SaveQuestion 8 (2.5 points)

“Nesting” toys and measuring cups and spoons can be used to practice ________ tasks.

Question 8 options:



object permanence


SaveQuestion 9 (2.5 points)

Children without disabilities begin to act out “what would happen if …” scenarios at about age:

Question 9 options:

1 or 1½ years.

2 or 3 years.

4 or 5 years.

6 or 7 years.

SaveQuestion 10 (2.5 points)

What is true about nonmainstream families in relation to providing early language and literacy experiences for their children?

Question 10 options:

Nonmainstream families do not expose their children to literacy skills, such as reading.

Nonmainstream families provide literacy and language skills that are simply sometimes different from those expected in our school systems.

Nonmainstream families do not expose their children to language.

Nonmainstream families do not expose their children to print.

SaveQuestion 11 (2.5 points)

Which is a strategy that can be used to support students who may not have had prior experiences with literacy and print?

Question 11 options:

Decide which literacy and print experiences the student has already experienced by meeting with parents to see how print is used in the home.

Engage students in literacy and print activities not yet experienced by the student.

Engage students in literacy and print through television.

Use literacy and print through the use of textbooks.

SaveQuestion 12 (2.5 points)

Which is the LEAST common form of narrative in nonmainstream cultures?

Question 12 options:





SaveQuestion 13 (2.5 points)

Asking children to place red and blue teddy bear counters into red and blue dishes helps them learn to which cognitive skill?

Question 13 options:

To discriminate

To classify

To count

To remember

SaveQuestion 14 (2.5 points)

Which literacy approach emphasizes the child’s ability to discriminate and recognize the sound segments of words, rhyming words, and early learning of sound-letter relationships?

Question 14 options:


Phonological and phonemic awareness

Object permanence


SaveQuestion 15 (2.5 points)

Which is NOT a strategy that can be implemented to help students develop the function of print?

Question 15 options:

Reading the daily lunch choices from the menu

Reading the attendance board to see who is present and absent

Reading books

Reading the daily calendar, which can include the weather and date

SaveQuestion 16 (2.5 points)

The three basic cognitive processes are:

Question 16 options:

attention, perception, memory.

phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, symbolic ability.

construction of reality, intentionality, problem solving.

focus, assimilation, accommodation.

SaveQuestion 17 (2.5 points)

Which is the best way to provide pre-academic activities to young exceptional children?

Question 17 options:

Embed tasks in the curriculum.

Use only direct teaching.

Provide pencil and paper tasks.

Use drill and practice.

SaveQuestion 18 (2.5 points)

Which of the following is a factor that relates to a child’s readiness?

Question 18 options:



Prior experiences

All of the above

SaveQuestion 19 (2.5 points)

The child who uses simple manipulation in play by banging and throwing objects is showing:

Question 19 options:


intuitive ability.


functional play.

SaveQuestion 20 (2.5 points)

What is a teacher doing when she reads a book to the class and points out words with common letters or acknowledges repeating words in the story?

Question 20 options:

Highlighting story points

Print referencing

Identifying the main idea


SaveQuestion 21 (2.5 points)

James wants a new toy. He says, “James toy.” The type of communication James is using is called ______ language.

Question 21 options:


single world

whole word


SaveQuestion 22 (2.5 points)

What has research found about students with disabilities learning a second language?

Question 22 options:

Dual language is the cause of language disabilities or impairments.

Learning a second language does interfere with learning a first language.

Students with language learning difficulties have the same troubles in their first and second languages.

Students with language learning difficulties have different troubles in their first and second languages.

SaveQuestion 23 (2.5 points)

Learning correct word order is an aspect of:

Question 23 options:





SaveQuestion 24 (2.5 points)

Which one of the following is NOT an example of augmentative communication?

Question 24 options:


Picture cards

Sign language

A tape recorder

SaveQuestion 25 (2.5 points)

What is the time frame for English language learners to acquire academic language?

Question 25 options:

One to three years

Three to five years

Five to seven years

Seven to nine years

SaveQuestion 26 (2.5 points)

Which intervention is being used when verbal cues are consistently associated with certain actions and events?

Question 26 options:

Verbal routines

Progressive matching



SaveQuestion 27 (2.5 points)

Which of the following is probably NOT a necessary condition for the normal development of communication skills?

Question 27 options:

Intact central nervous system

Development of normal gross motor skills

Normal cognitive skills

Adequate hearing

SaveQuestion 28 (2.5 points)

An example of a low-tech device or system would be a:

Question 28 options:

photo book.

computer keyboard.

software program.

switch-activated toy.

SaveQuestion 29 (2.5 points)

Which factor has the MOST influence in a child’s communication and language development?

Question 29 options:

The child learning two languages

Caregiver-child responsive interaction

The child being read to at an early age

The child going to preschool

SaveQuestion 30 (2.5 points)

When you put shoes on your hands instead of your feet or use a fork to brush your hair, which strategy are you using to evoke spontaneous communication?

Question 30 options:

Violation of object function

Progressive matching



SaveQuestion 31 (2.5 points)

Which of the following is NOT an example of a verbal routine?

Question 31 options:

Before recess the teacher always says, “It’s time to go outside. Get <br /> your jacket.”

At the end of the day: “It’s time to go home. We had a great day.”

Only when a child has a good day: “You did great!”

At the end of breakfast and lunch: “Time to clean up our food and wash <br /> our hands.”

SaveQuestion 32 (2.5 points)

What strategy can be used for teaching students a new language?

Question 32 options:

An interactive process

Use conversations with subject matter that the teacher is interested in

An interactive process that uses conversation with subject matter that the student is interested in

An interactive process that uses conversation with subject matter that the teacher is interested in

SaveQuestion 33 (2.5 points)

Matching the child’s vocalization or word with a slightly more elaborated response is using which strategy?

Question 33 options:

Upping the ante

Progressive matching



SaveQuestion 34 (2.5 points)

When a student chooses to use his or her home language or not speak at all, the child might be going through which language acquisition stage?

Question 34 options:

Whole language

Single word period

Telegraphic language

The silent period

SaveQuestion 35 (2.5 points)

The communicative style formerly known as “motherese,” is currently referred to as:

Question 35 options:

infant- or child-directed speech.



parent directed speech.

SaveQuestion 36 (2.5 points)

Which strategy is being used when an adult syntactically corrects a child’s speech? For example, the child says, “book” and the adult says, “That is a book.”

Question 36 options:

Upping the ante

Progressive matching



SaveQuestion 37 (2.5 points)

The systematic identification of _____________ best describes a preference inventory.

Question 37 options:

which teacher a student prefers to learn with

high-preference items and activities that will promote communication

where the student prefers to sit in the classroom

which foods a child prefers

SaveQuestion 38 (2.5 points)

The communicative function also referred to as the “you and me” function is called _________ function.

Question 38 options:





SaveQuestion 39 (2.5 points)

The time frame for English language learners to acquire social language is approximately ______ years.

Question 39 options:





SaveQuestion 40 (2.5 points)

When working with a child who is severely disabled and nonverbal, one of the first steps in designing a communication training program is:

Question 40 options:

assessing speech production skills.

teaching receptive vocabulary.

identifying high-preference items and activities.

identifying specific target responses to be trained.


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