by Zenia Alvarez –
The prevention of bullying has become a significant area of research, exploring the
complex dynamics and consequences involved with this widespread problem. The complex
nature of bullying is further complicated by its deep connection with suicide, hence increasing
the importance of investigating effective techniques for prevention. Understanding how these
two phenomena interact is essential for devising comprehensive solutions that address bullying's
immediate and long-term effects.
To avoid bullying, schools, and parents must first realize the many options available.
Educational initiatives shape youth attitudes and actions, promoting respect and empathy. The
implementation of school-wide activities aimed at fostering inclusion, compassion, and open
communication has been found to contribute to the creation of an atmosphere that is less
favorable to instances of bullying (Bao et al., 2023). Furthermore, the integration of a curriculum
that clearly tackles the ramifications of bullying serves to enhance consciousness and provide
students with the necessary skills to refrain from participating in such conduct.
Moreover, the cultivation of a nurturing community transcends the confines of the
educational environment. Parents and caregivers have a crucial role as collaborative allies in the
effort to combat bullying. Parental participation encompasses a range of activities, such as active
engagement in school programs, fostering open lines of communication with their children, and
maintaining a watchful eye for indications of bullying (Bao et al., 2023). The establishment of
robust parent-teacher collaborations serves to augment the efficacy of preventative endeavors,
fostering a cohesive alliance in combating bullying within domestic and educational settings.
In situations when incidences of bullying have transpired, it is crucial to intervene
promptly. Establishing a secure environment for those who have experienced harm to report
occurrences and access support services is of utmost importance. School counseling services
play a vital role in offering essential assistance to students who experience bullying, as highly
qualified specialists staff them (Bao et al., 2023). These specialists have the expertise to provide
individuals with both emotional support and practical techniques to manage and surmount the
psychological distress caused by bullying effectively. Furthermore, the inclusion of mental
health specialists in the procedure guarantees a holistic approach, encompassing the emotional
and psychological dimensions of the aftermath.
In a contemporary society characterized by digital advancements, the phenomenon of
online bullying has emerged as a significant issue, demanding focused and specialized
consideration. Digital literacy programs have the potential to provide anybody, including
children and parents, with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively and ethically
navigate the online environment (Stopbullying.gov, 2021). It is crucial to educate kids on the
significance of engaging in polite online communication and to underscore the potential
repercussions associated with engaging in cyberbullying. Parents can also derive advantages
from receiving advice on the monitoring of their children's online activity and cultivating open
talks regarding potential internet hazards.
The correlation between bullying and suicide highlights the severity of the problem.
Preventive measures should not just concentrate on prompt action. Still, they should also
prioritize the provision of mental health assistance to both individuals affected by the issue and
those responsible for perpetrating it (Stopbullying.gov, 2021). The establishment of collaborative
efforts among educational institutions, mental health practitioners, and community entities is
necessary in order to develop a comprehensive strategy that effectively tackles the underlying
factors and enduring consequences of bullying.
In summary, the endeavor to achieve effective measures for preventing bullying
necessitates a comprehensive strategy that encompasses several domains, including education,
family dynamics, and mental well-being. The acknowledgment of the interconnectedness
between bullying and suicide underscores the imperative nature of implementing comprehensive
interventions. Through the strategic utilization of available resources, the cultivation of
collaborative efforts, and the deliberate emphasis on both proactive measures and reactive
measures, society may actively strive towards the establishment of a more secure and
compassionate milieu that caters to the needs and well-being of all children.
Stopbullying.gov. (2021, February 23). Resources. StopBullying.gov.
Bao, W., Qian, Y., Fei, W., Shen, T., Geng, Y., Wang, S., Pan, C., Zhao, C., & Zhang, T. (2023).
Bullying victimization and suicide attempts among adolescents in 41 low- and middle-
income countries: Roles of sleep deprivation and body mass. Frontiers in Public Health,
Text#2 By Indira Hernandez
Resources for Bullying Prevention
According to the government’s official website, preventing bullying is identified as unwanted aggressive behavior that repeatedly targets one individual due to power imbalances. This experience is often traumatic. The CDC (2023) explains that it causes physical injury, social and emotional distress to the point of self-harm, risks of depression, and reduced productivity and academic performance. This problem affects the bully and the victim because the bully is often at an increased risk of exhibiting violent behaviors later in life and usually has lower academic achievement and performance. In 2022, 1 in 5 high school students were bullied physically within the school compound, while 1 in 6 were bullied electronically (CDC, 2023). Since the situation is prevalent across the United States, the government has established a website to prevent bullying and reduce its associated impacts where various resources are available to schools and the general public on ways to reduce bullying. Therefore, this discussion evaluates some of these resources, including fact sheets published by the website and various videos and social media that provide information on various ways to stop bullying and assist children who have been bullied.
Facts are documents that summarize the most relevant information about bullying, including the statistics, the impacts, and important ways to combat the problem. In this case, such recommendations are evidence-based, effectively addressing the problem. Therefore, when such fact sheets are shared among students, teachers, and the general public, more people will know about the problem and contribute to the solution by practicing the said recommendations. Fact sheets are essential resources because they are easily understood and usually a summary, meaning one can read them fast and comprehend the message. An example of this fact sheet available on the website is Bystanders are essential to bullying prevention, and Intervention is a two-page fact sheet that explains the role of bystanders, as 80% of bullying happens in the presence of bystanders (Stopbullying, 2023). Therefore, this fact sheet educates the bystanders on actions they could take, for example, defending targeted individuals by being a role model and advocating for anti-bullying efforts within the community or at school.
Another resource that can be used to prevent bullying and assist children who have been bullied is the videos and social media content shared by the website. Salmivalli et al. (2021) explain that a significant number of Americans are active social media users, and with the nature of social media content recommendation, the word against bullying
can be spread effectively. Such videos explain ways individuals may identify children who are being bullied, for example, withdrawal of usual activities that make them happy or friends and families and provide the needed care, for example, using the helpline or talking to a trusted adult to figure out the best way to approach the problem.
Conclusively, such resources are important in creating awareness about bullying. When more people know that bullying is a problem that can have life-long implications when care is not provided, they will join the efforts to reduce bullying. Therefore, such resources should be available to everyone as it is a problem affecting everyone as anyone can become a victim, especially with the growth of technology and its increased usage, increasing the likelihood of cyberbullying. They should be available and explain ways to help the victims as a way of reducing the number of suicides linked to bullying.
CDC, (2023). Fast Facts: Preventing Bullying. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/bullyingresearch/fastfact.html
Salmivalli, C., Laninga‐Wijnen, L., Malamut, S. T., & Garandeau, C. F. (2021). Bullying prevention in adolescence: Solutions and new challenges from the past decade. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 31(4), 1023-1046. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1111/jora.12688
Stopbullying (2023). Research Resources; Fact Sheets. https://www.stopbullying.gov/resources/research-resources#factsheets