Therapy Modality Focus Points
Therapy Modality: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Creator: Aaron Beck
Therapy used for what DSM5 Diagnoses: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for many of the mental health diagnoses listed in the DSM-5, including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders (Reddy et al., 2020). CBT helps individuals identify and modify distorted or negative thought patterns, manage stress, increase self-esteem, and develop healthier coping skills. It is an active therapy, and the techniques used can be tailored to meet the needs and goals of each individual.
Emphasis of Therapy Modality: CBT is a kind of psychotherapy that aims to assist patients in recognizing and controlling their thoughts and actions. CBT emphasizes the role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. It teaches individuals to recognize, challenge, and restructure their thoughts and behaviors to improve their emotional state and manage their lives better. CBT is a goal-oriented therapy, and it is focused on the present (Külz et al., 2018). It works to identify and change the unhelpful thoughts and behaviors that are causing distress or preventing the individual from reaching their goals. CBT is an effective therapy for various mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance abuse. It can also help improve relationships, increase self-esteem, and reduce stress. CBT is an evidence-based approach that effectively reduces symptoms of mental health conditions and improves the overall quality of life.
Goals of Therapy Modality: The main goals of CBT are to help individuals identify and modify any cognitive distortions, develop healthy coping strategies, and gain insight into their behavior and thought patterns. CBT also focuses on developing problem-solving skills, increasing self-awareness and understanding of one’s emotions, and building self-confidence. The goal is to help the individual gain insight into their behavior, recognize how their thinking and behavior impact their daily life and learn how to make changes to improve the quality of their life (Külz et al., 2018). Additionally, CBT helps individuals develop better coping skills to deal with stress, anxiety, and depression. CBT is also used to help individuals with substance abuse, eating disorders, and other mental health issues. The goal is to identify triggers and underlying causes for the behavior and to develop healthier coping skills and behaviors.
Notes: The primary purpose of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is to help individuals identify and modify any cognitive distortions, develop healthy coping strategies, and gain insight into their behavior and thought patterns. The goal is to reduce the negative emotions they experience and help them individually develop more adaptive ways of thinking and behaving. CBT is a collaborative approach between the therapist and the individual, focusing on the present. Through CBT, individuals can learn new skills such as problem-solving, relaxation, and communication. It is an evidence-based approach that effectively reduces symptoms of mental health conditions and improves the overall quality of life.
Külz, A. K., Landmann, S., Cludius, B., Rose, N., Heidenreich, T., Jelinek, L., Alsleben, H., Wahl, K., Philipsen, A., Voderholzer, U., Maier, J. G., & Moritz, S. (2018). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) and residual symptoms after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): a randomized controlled trial. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 269(2), 223–233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-018-0957-4
Reddy, Y. Cj., Sudhir, P., Manjula, M., Arumugham, S., & Narayanaswamy, J. (2020). Clinical Practice Guidelines for Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies in Anxiety Disorders and Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 62(8), 230. https://doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.indianjpsychiatry_773_19