Your friend, who is obese, is at risk for diabetes Type 2, and…
Your friend, who is obese, is at risk for diabetes Type 2, and has high triglycerides and cholesterol, with heart disease running in the family. He admits to being lazy, loves lying around and watching his favorite TV shows (while snacking), and likes to eat out at fast food places for meals (not a fan of cooking), but realizes that it might be time to change his diet and lifestyle. Come up with a plan that would work for him and help improve his health:
1. He would like to lose weight and tone up. His physical data are the following:
Age: 25 years. Height: 5 feet, 10 inches Weight: 280 pounds
Activity Level: Sedentary, presently consumes about 3000 Calories/day
a. Calculate his body mass index (BMI) and indicate which zone he falls into (underweight, overweight, obese).
b. Calculate the number of Calories he should be consuming based on his ideal healthy weight.
c. If he follows this Calorie requirement based on his ideal healthy weight, calculate how many pounds will he lose in one month.
2. His family has a history of diabetes type 2 and heart disease…. and he would like to avoid these. With this in mind, plan a diet for him (one day plan as an example) that will not only help him lose weight, but also lower risk of heart disease and diabetes type 2. Which foods would you want to include, and why? Which would you want to exclude, and why? Look at the science….
3. Exercise plan? How does exercise reduce his risk of diabetes type 2 and also heart disease? Look at the science.